This series is specifically about character foils to Bruce Wayne, starting with the Robins we will be talking about how each character represents sides of Bruce that may not be obvious to the occasional observer. Before I get nerd rage, please remember that these are my opinions and do not represent canon or DC comics in any way.
Part 1: DICK GRAYSON
By: Gotham Observer
During the Character Foil series, I will be discussing how each Robin represents a different side of Bruce Wayne, and how their personalities are the reason why Bruce took them on as Robin.
- Background Information:
- Created by: Bob Kane and Jerry Robinson
- First Appearance: Detective Comics #38 (April 1940)
- Back story: Youngest of the “Flying Graysons” group of acrobats, and watches as a mafia boss kills his family during a performance as a way to extort money from the circus.
- Relationship with Batman: First of the Bruce Wayne’s adopted sons, and seen as the prodigal son. First of the Robins, and takes up the mantle of Batman on two occasions, and mentors Damien Wayne while Bruce was presumed dead.
Dick Grayson was the first Robin introduced into the Batman story arc. He assumes the role of Robin after Bruce Wayne adopts him as a ward (later as a son) after the tragedy of his family’s death. Dick has a similar backstory as Bruce as he watches his entire family murdered in front of his eyes. These similarities is what attracted Bruce to him in the first place and began his tutelage of the young Grayson. Over the past 75 years Dick’s character has grown in breadth and scope, culminating in his own comic Nightwing (1994-2014) and his assuming the mantle of Batman when Bruce was presumed dead after the events of Final Crisis.
Dick Grayson represents the optimistic side of Bruce Wayne. Despite the death of his family, Dick believes that there is good in everyone and fights for justice. The ideals of Batman are personified in Robin, which being the first Robin makes sense. He represents the ideal that Batman and his mission will eventually serve its purpose as a symbol of hope in Gotham City and that there will eventually be no need for a physical Batman. Dick has had disagreements with Bruce before, but because of his close relationship and ideals he has had many disagreements with the extended Bat Family and Robins because of his perception of being the prodigal son who the father favours. His perfect foil is Jason Todd, a character that we will delve into in further posts.
There is some debate on which Robin is the heir apparent to Batman. Personally I don’t ever think there will be Batman without Bruce Wayne, but there is potential for each Robin to have their own alternative future as Batman. Dick Grayson is currently the only Robin to have assumed the role on a “permanent” basis, which leads many to think that he is the heir apparent. Dick is the softer side of Bruce, represented in his mentorship of young Damien when he was Batman. He worked to motivate through positive reinforcement and incremental improvements with Damien, whereas when Bruce returned from his sojourn through time he took a much more rigid and strict training of young Damien. If you have not read Batman and Son, I suggest that you read it as soon as you can. The Return of Bruce Wayne, and the Batman and Son/Robin Son of Batman to me are the apex of Grant Morrison’s run with the series. However, returning to the topic at hand, Dick Grayson can be viewed as the logical heir to the title of Batman because he represents in his entirety the ideals that Bruce believes Batman to be.
Why is he a character foil? Because for the most part, Batman is a brooding detective who can be somewhat rigid in demeanour and candor. Without Dick Grayson, the optimistic side of Bruce would easily be lost in the story. Dick brings that ray of light into the story that Bruce is fighting so diligently for. Bruce trusts Dick with his family, and that is something that is given to few people from Batman. While Batman has used torture in the past, the Dick does not agree with it and decided to break away from him permanently. He is much more rigid in the “no killing, no guns” mantra that Bruce adheres to in this way. Having a character such as Dick Grayson strengthens and increases the depth of the Batman story and Bruce Wayne. Bruce can grow and change over time, but Grayson represents everything that he started out to do, he is his moral compass that constantly is there to remind the readers what Batman’s mission is to be.
These characteristics of Dick contrast so well with the next character in our series, Jason Todd, who represents something much darker in the Batman story.
NEXT: CHARACTER FOIL SERIES: PART 2 – JASON TODD